Special Operations vital to foreign internal defense

By Marlena Hartz: Freedom Writer

HURLBURT FIELD, Fla. — Jerome Klingaman was a young combat aviation advisor, thrown into the jungles of Laos, when he stumbled upon a major void in the U.S. military.

The last 13 years of his life, he has spent crafting a remedy.
Klingaman was part of a haphazard team of Air Force Special Operations advisors thrown together in 1966 to impart tactical wisdom to the Laos military. The mission consumed six months.

“We didn’t know each other; we hadn’t trained with each other. It took us all that time to get our act together,” said Klingaman, gray-haired now, wearing wire-rimmed glasses, with attributes more akin to a professor than a professional fighter.

More than two decades after departing Laos, Klingaman, then working as a military researcher, was recruited by the Air Force Special Operations Command to improve the foreign internal defense unit.

The retired combat advisor set about strengthening the 6th Squadron, a tiny group of mostly men housed and trained at Hurlburt Field, Fla., who follow in the steps of Klingaman, one of the founding members of the 6th, a squadron that can be traced to the World War II era.
“I never thought for a second that I’d have a chance to do it,” Klingaman said.

“We built (the unit) from nothing, one man and one skill set at a time.”
The strategy of the squadron is enablement. Members are deployed to countries around the globe to tactically assess, train, advise and assist foreign forces.

Air Force Special Operations officials said they are not sure yet if a replica of the 6th Squadron will stand up at Cannon.

The squadron operates with no more than a handful of planes, some, such as the C-47, not conventionally used by the U.S. military.

There are 84 men and a few women aboard the squadron.
In one photograph, the elite group stands, with backs rigid, under the shadow of three airplanes. The planes dwarf the little group, assembled in a tight triangular formation.

“This is not something that everybody wants to do. Those who do it, do it out a sense of adventure,” Klingaman said.

One must volunteer to join the squadron. Acceptance hinges on experience as an instructor in the military, he said.
Members of the squadron never travel alone. They must be accompanied by at least one other squadron member, although teams sent to foreign countries have ranged from six to 30 depending on the mission, officials said.

A single assignment can last months. The squadron schools foreign forces on how to use their air power to execute missions. The training circumvents restrictions on U.S. involvement in overseas conflicts, according to unclassified squadron descriptions.

It can also wean foreign forces from U.S. forces, something desperately needed in Iraq, said Klingaman, who would not say if the 6th Squadron was involved in that conflict.

“Nine/eleven happened and people realized the winning strategy in this global conflict is enablement,” he said.
“This is not a war we can win unilaterally.”

An additional 120 men, and perhaps some women, will be added to the Air Force Special Operations Foreign Internal Defense unit within the year, in accordance with the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review, Klingaman said.

“Demand (for foreign internal defense experts) is out of control right now. We turn down far more missions than we accept because of lack of people,” he said.