North Korea deal not perfect, but it works for now

Freedom New Mexico

You might say the new quasi agreement with North Korea amounts to
kicking the can down the road, and you might be right. But kicking the
can down the road to be handled by the next administration is probably
a less-worse outcome than continuing a strictly confrontational
approach to the “hermit kingdom” in Pyongyang.

The background: After North Korea conducted an underground test in
2006 of what might or might not have been a nuclear bomb, an intricate
series of negotiations led to an agreement that entailed, among other
things, the U.S. pledging to remove North Korea from its official list
of terrorism-sponsoring states and North Korea dismantling its weapons
program.

The North Korean regime began dismantling its Yongbyon nuclear
processing plant last November and in June dramatically blew up the
plant’s cooling tower. But in August, because the U.S. had not yet
removed North Korea from the terrorism-sponsoring list, the regime did
an about-face and threatened to resume its nuclear weapons program.

Finally, last weekend, the U.S. took North Korea off the
terrorism-sponsoring list and Pyongyang agreed to allow inspectors from
the International Atomic Energy Agency to resume inspections.

It’s far from a perfect deal. North Korea has reneged on previous
agreements. The IAEA inspectors won’t have the kind of unfettered
access one would prefer. But at least it is unlikely — for the next
several months anyway — North Korea will resume weapons-building
programs.

This deal, imperfect as it may be, was a good idea because both
countries are likely to see a change in governments in the near future.
The U.S. will have a new president in January. And Kim Jong-Il, North
Korea’s erratic “dear leader,” has not been seen in public for several
months. The rumor is that he had a stroke in August.

Whatever the truth, changes are likely in North Korea as well. It
could be a period of notable instability, and it would be dangerous to
have an unstable regime in the process of a transition period for which
it has not prepared in possession of even rudimentary nuclear weapons.

North Korea is likely to be a knotty problem for whoever becomes
president in January. Whether North Korea has used the threat of
developing more nuclear weapons as a bargaining chip on the road to
emerging from its isolation or seeks to threaten its neighbors, trying
to defuse the North Korean threat will require patience and diplomatic
skill — and perhaps considering the possibility of removing U.S. troops
from South Korea to reduce tension.

But at least the new president is unlikely to face the crisis of a
regime in the midst of a possibly messy succession procedure with an
active nuclear weapons program.